In some ways New Media (NM) and Digital Orality (see previous post What is Digital Orality?) are more examples in Ong’s concept of secondary oralities that are present in the electronic age, considering many new technologies, such as Voip and Tivo, are extensions of some tools to which Ong referred. In “Orality and Literacy,” (1982) Ong wrote:
“Our Understanding of the difference between orality and literacy developed only in the electronic age, not earlier. …. The electronic age is also an age of ‘secondary orality’, the orality of telephones, radio, and television, which depends on writing and print for existence.” (pgs. 2-3).
Discussing the place of orality in New Media (NM), I considered whether we are now in place that is still part of Ong’s “secondary orality,” or if the advancements we’ve made place us in a post-secondary orality, a new and different level of orality to such an extent that it requires a new category. Read the rest of this entry »